IPA III - Security
The security dimension in international maritime trade is mainly addressed by the “special measures to enhance maritime security” contained in Chapter XI-2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and the International Code for the Security of Ships and of Port Facilities (ISPS) that were adopted at the end of 2002 and entered into force on 1 July 2004. Collectively, these legal instruments are aimed at reinforcing more targeted security initiatives by introducing an overarching and uniform risk assessment and mitigation mechanism on an international scale.
At the EU level, the aforementioned IMO actions have been the basis for specific EU legislation, namely Regulation (EC) No 725/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 on enhancing ship and port facility security and Directive 2005/65/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 October 2005 on enhancing port security.
Under IPA III EMSA offers a structured maritime security assistance package to the beneficiary countries, incorporating first and foremost:
- supporting the improved capacity of the IPA Beneficiaries to discharge obligations stemming from the international and EU maritime security legislation;
- assessing existing measures for the implementation of the EU maritime security legislation in order to identify further actions addressing the beneficiaries’ needs;
- training of staff from the IPA Beneficiaries’ maritime administrations including auditors and maritime cybersecurity courses;